Vitamins, Benefits, Diseases Caused by Deficiencies ...


Vitamin; It is known as the simplest organic compounds that act as catalysts in our bodies. Vitamins are divided into fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E, K) and water-soluble vitamins (B, C).


What are fat soluble vitamins? What foods are they in? What are the diseases seen in its deficiency?


Vitamin A: It is generally found in foods such as parsley, lettuce, orange, plum, tomato, spinach. Increases resistance to infections, affects bone and tooth development. It is one of the essential vitamins for skin, nails and hair.

In the absence of; night blindness, weakening of immunity and a slowdown in growth and development are observed.


Vitamin D: Generally; It is taken from vegetables, butter, liver, fish and sun. It allows calcium to be absorbed in the intestines and retained in bones and teeth.

In the absence of; It causes diseases such as rickets in children and osteomalacia in adults.


Vitamin E: Generally; nutrients with seeds, walnut, lettuce, cress, celery, parsley, spinach, corn oil and cabbage. It has an antioxidant effect. It strengthens immunity in the elderly.

In the absence of; vision problems, anemia, muscle loss and nail and hair health are adversely affected.


Vitamin K: Generally; It is found in fruits such as peaches and strawberries and in vegetables such as lettuce, tomatoes, green peppers and zucchini. It is involved in blood coagulation.

In the absence of; causes blood clotting problems.


What are water soluble vitamins? What foods are they in? What are the diseases seen in its deficiency?


Vitamin B1: Generally; It is found in fresh vegetables and fruits, eggs, milk and meat. It is effective on the muscular and nervous system.

In the absence of; Lack of appetite, memory impairment and attention deficit are seen.


Vitamin B2: Generally; It is found in meat, milk, eggs, lentils, green vegetables.

In the absence of; redness and burning sensation in the tongue, irritation, hair loss, weight loss are observed.


Vitamin C: Generally; It is seen in fruits such as citrus fruits, strawberries, melons, green peppers, parsley, and green vegetables such as broccoli.

In the absence of; bleeding gums and gum recession are seen. Wounds heal late and problems such as scurvy are observed.

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