Every food has a unique chemical profile. They are the chemical compounds they contain that determine the taste, value, color and quality of foods.
Food chemical ingredients are food ingredients such as salt, flour, sugar and food additives added during food preparation and processing.
Food additives; "Whether it has nutritional value or not, it is not consumed as food alone and is not used as a characteristic component of the food, intentionally added to the food at the stages of production, processing, processing, preparation, packaging, transportation or storage for a technological purpose and its own or by-products, directly or are substances that are indirectly expected to be components of that food.
The purpose and quantities of food additives are determined within the scope of the Turkish Food Codex. Food additives; It does not include contaminants and compounds such as vitamins and minerals added as nutrients.
So What Are Not Food Additives?
1. Food Contaminants: Substances that do not consciously participate in food, that are formed during the food processing process or that are contaminated by the environment. It generally includes plant and animal drug residues. Examples include pesticide residues, veterinary drug residues, heavy metals, mycotoxins, dioxin, PCB.
2. Food Ingredients: Products such as sugar and milk powder are considered additives although they are food components.
Food additives can be natural, naturally identical or synthetic. However, in order to use additives, some conditions must be met:
- It must be proven to be harmless to human health
- It must meet the consumer expectation
- Purity criteria should be determined and controllable